Anaerobic exercise specifically but not exclusively strengthens and conditions the musculoskeletal system.
The word anaerobic, means in the absence of oxygen; relating to energy production by the human body for exercise – subsequently making anaerobic exercise short in duration.
The most common form of anaerobic exercise is resistance (weight) training: a form of exercise whereby the weight or load of equipment such as barbells or dumbbells creates resistance against a contracting muscle with subsequent movement of weight in push-or- pull manner.
Anaerobic exercise is responsible for increasing and maintaining muscle tissue and bone density. Positive results stemming from anaerobic exercise include, increased storage space for energy in the form of glycogen, increased fat burning capabilities and greater skeletal stability – decreasing the likelihood of subluxation and the need for therapeutic treatment.
Power, strength and endurance are also imperative by-products of anaerobic exercise for the competitive athlete.
Whenever resistance training exercise is a topic of conversation for enhancing athletic performance, generally there are two schools of thought: pro and anti. TOH takes the view that both have legitimate arguments.
Those who are anti believe that athletes involved in sports requiring agility and speed ultimately suffer decreased performance by incorporating a weight training regime.
TOH believes this type of thinking is based on ignorance and narrow mindedness, recognising that the muscular and skeletal systems are paramount to any form of physical activity, making strength and conditioning of both via resistance training crucial for optimal athletic function.
Healthy maintenance of both systems also ensures proper function of the nervous system (communication system of the body).
Decreased athletic performance and/or risk of injury from resistance training will only occur with incorrect exercise execution, overtraining and/or underlying structural issues.
The key to reaping the benefits of resistance training is ensuring that movements or exercises are carried out in a natural, biomechanically correct manner.